Event handler function

Each connection has an event handler function associated with it. That function must be implemented by the user. Event handler is the key element of the Mongoose application, since it defines the application's behaviour. This is what an event handler function looks like:

static void ev_handler(struct mg_connection *nc, int ev, void *ev_data) {
  switch (ev) {
    /* Event handler code that defines behavior of the connection */
    ...
  }
}
  • struct mg_connection *nc: Connection that has received an event.
  • int ev: Event number, defined in mongoose.h. For example, when data arrives on an inbound connection, ev would be MG_EV_RECV.
  • void *ev_data: This pointer points to the event-specific data, and it has a different meaning for different events. For example, for an MG_EV_RECV event, ev_data is an int * pointer, pointing to the number of bytes received from the remote peer and saved into the receive IO buffer. The exact meaning of ev_data is described for each event. Protocol-specific events usually have ev_data pointing to structures that hold protocol-specific information.

NOTE: struct mg_connection has void *user_data which is a placeholder for application-specific data. Mongoose does not use that pointer. Event handler can store any kind of information there.